Basic Unix Commands


Unix Command Description
ls List directory contents
cp Copy files
rm Remove directory entries
file Determine file type
find Walk a file hierarchy
which Locate a program file in the user’s path
whereis Locate programs
gcc, g++ GNU project C and C++ Compiler
gdb The GNU Debugger
less View the contents of a text file
diff Find differences between two files
cmp Compare two files
vi Text editor
chmod Change file modes
man Display the on-line manual pages
mv Move and rename files
ispell Interactive spelling checker
biff Be notified if mail arrives and who it is from
lpr Print a file
lpq Show the print queue
ftp Transfer a file to another Unix system
logout Quit using the system
pwd Print working directory name
cd Change working directory
ln Make a file link
mkdir Make directories
rmdir Remove directories
chmod Change file modes
quota Display disk usage and limits
history Display a list of recent commands
ps Show the status of processes
kill Stop a running processes
passwd Change your password
alias Create a command alias
unalias Delete a command alias
export Set an environment variable
script Record your terminal session to a file
bg Send a job to the background
fg Bring a job to the foreground
jobs Print a list of current job
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